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Fisheries Cooperation
  1. According to the party of contracting, fisheries cooperation can be classified into the following three (3) categories:
    1. Government to Government
      This is the most formal and authoritative method. The access agreement is signed between the government of the Republic of China (Taiwan) and the government of the costal State. The operators of ours would then follow the rules of the agreement to apply for the fishing license so as to fish in the EEZ of the concerned costal State. For instance, the former fishing access agreement between Taiwan and South Africa falls in this type of category.
       
    2. Private fisheries organizations to Government, which can be further specified into the following two (2) categories:
      • The agreement is signed between our fisheries organization and the governments of the costal State. For instance, the current fishing access agreements with the Federated State of Micronesia (FSM) and Papua New Guinea (PNG) for purse seine fisheries are signed by Taiwan Purse Seine Association and the governments of the above two (2) States; the current fishing access agreement with Seychelles is signed by Taiwan Tuna Association and the Seychelles governments.
      • The private fishery corporations of Taiwan directly reach agreement with the coastal States. Those private fishery corporations then apply the fishing license for Taiwanese fishing vessels from the coastal country concerned. Currently, the agreement with Kiribati for longline fisheries is belonging to this type of cooperation.
    3. Private fisheries organizations to private fisheries organizations, which can be further specified into the following 3 categories:
      • The pertinent fisheries organization that authorized by Taiwan government establishes a joint venture company with proper private company of the coastal states. That joint venture company in the coastal state concerned can then apply the license for Taiwan fishing vessels from the coastal state concerned. Several years ago, the fishing access agreement between Kaoshiung Fishing Boats Commercial Guild and Australia was fallen in this example.
      • The governments of the both sides authorized its own fisheries organizations or private corporations to negotiate and signed access agreement. Before 1990, the fisheries cooperation reached by Kaoshiung Fishing Boats Commercial Guild and the YMTK Corp. of Indonesia was fallen in this example.
      • The private fishery corporations of the coastal States apply a certain amount of fishing license from their governments and merchandise to foreign fishing vessels. Taiwanese fishing vessels would obtain fishing privilege from the privates fishery corporations, who then apply the fishing license for Taiwanese fishing vessels from the coastal country concerned. Currently, the agreement with Palau is belonging to this type of cooperation.
         
  2. According to the approaches of cooperation, fisheries cooperation can be classified into the following three (3) categories:
    (1)Fisheries Access
    The fisheries cooperation often involves the monetary payment, such as access fee, which is paid by the operators to the government of coastal state. The coastal states sometimes would also require fishing nations to pay compensation or to provide technical assistance. Access fee payment is the most preferable way for the operators. The operators of the fishing vessels pay access fee to the coastal states to acquire the permission of access fishing grounds. When the access agreement is over, the terms would be automatically terminated, and thus lessen the risk of cooperation.

    (2)Charter Arrangement
    Some coastal states stipulate that its marine resources are either limited to be only enjoyed by its nationals or be allocated to its operators by certain quota. When the operators of those coastal states are not fully capable of harvesting their marine resources, the governments of those states can then allow their operators to engage in the method of charter arrangement. Charter Arrangement means any corporation of the coastal state charters a vessel registered in Taiwan and applies fishing license for that vessel from its government.

    (3)Joint Venture
    The method of Joint Venture requires owner of our nationals and any corporation of the coastal state to jointly establish a local company. Thus, the owner would sell the vessel to that local company and register it as the property of that joint venture company. Furthermore, according to the past experience, majority of the coastal states allow the foreign counter party to share at most 49% of total capital stock of joint venture; therefore, the owners of our nationals would bear a great amount of risk. In addition, most of our fisheries companies are small and medium enterprises and often lack of experienced staff in the international affairs. Due to the inability of communication, the owners of our nationals are not willing to adopt joint venture method unless the fishing ground is vitally important. In the past, the joint venture between our operators of squid jigger and counter party in Argentina was the perfect example of that situation.